Typically, Vulvodynia is not related to an underlying condition.  The exact cause is usually unknown.

Factors that may raise the risk of vulvodynia include:

Damage to or irritation of the nerves around the vulva

A high density of pain-sensing nerve fibers in the vulval area

Chronic inflammation

Genetic susceptibility

Weak pelvic floor muscles

Unusual or long-term reaction to infection, trauma, or other environmental factors

Hormonal changes

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